A dog after castration – basic rules of care and feeding

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Castration is a rather difficult procedure for a dog. This procedure is carried out in order to deprive the animal of its ability to reproduce further. It is usually used when the dog is kept in an apartment or at home, where it is undesirable to have offspring from the dog.

To be prepared for the possible unpleasant consequences and problems that may arise after this operation, it is necessary to know how the dog should behave after neutering, as well as the rules of care for him during this period.

At what age is it done

Before you start neutering your dog, you need to know at what age it is best to have your dog neutered. It is important that the procedure goes easily and with as few unpleasant consequences as possible afterwards.

Please note! Many veterinary specialists say that it is possible to castrate a dog at almost any age. The main factor to consider is the condition of the animal.

If we are talking about healthy dogs, castration of adult dogs is quite normal. Often many owners procrastinate with this procedure, they expect the pet to settle down by the age of three, and all his physiological needs will pass by themselves. In some cases this is the case, especially if the pet’s upbringing has been given increased attention.

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When choosing the age for neutering, there are several important factors to consider:

  • The most appropriate time for castration is the period of puberty;
  • At the beginning of puberty, the dog’s body has not yet fully formed, but it has not yet begun to have problems that may be related to libido;
  • It is worth bearing in mind that some unpleasant habits may persist after the procedure, for example, the dog may continue to tag the corners. To prevent this, you should monitor his behavior carefully from birth and take the necessary measures to eliminate them immediately if bad habits appear;
  • the castration period can depend on many factors. Particular attention should be paid to breed. Small dogs are neutered earlier, at 7 months of age, but larger dogs are neutered later, at a year and a half;
  • In order to catch the right moment for neutering you should pay special attention to the peculiarities of the animal’s behavior.

It is necessary to choose the right place for neutering the dog. This is an important condition, which will also depend on the further successful rehabilitation of the tail.

The operation can be done at home, it is much easier at home and does not cause much stress to the pet.

However, even in the veterinary clinic the procedure will be safe for the health of the dog, because there are all the necessary devices and medications that can greatly ease the condition of the animal.

If you want your pet to be able to recover faster, you should pay attention not only to the age of the animal, but also to the process of subsequent rehabilitation. For this reason, it is absolutely necessary to provide full care for the male dog after neutering.

Learn more about neutering dogs – indications and contraindications, age and how to perform. Also we have an article when it is ok to walk with dog after neutering.

Care after surgery

A dog after castration – basic rules of care and feeding

A dog’s quick and normal recovery after being neutered depends on proper care. You should not hope that the animal will be able to cope with all the difficulties on its own. Of course it will cope, but it will definitely need help from the owner during this time.

Features of transportation

The care of the dog must begin after the operation. The most serious and dangerous part of neutering surgery for a dog is the anesthesia. During anesthesia, powerful drugs may be used, which can have a negative effect on the health of the animal.

Therefore, it is advisable to consult with a veterinary specialist before subjecting your pet to this procedure. At the reception he will be able to give some recommendations and advice that will be useful in preparing the animal for the surgical intervention, and also identify possible contraindications to the use of anesthesia in the pet.

In order to transport your pet from the veterinary clinic to your home without unpleasant consequences for your dog, there are a few important things to remember:

  • The vet will usually let the dog go home after neutering, as long as he can stand on all four legs normally;
  • do not immediately tie a leash around your neck and take your pet home. If the pet is small, it can be carried in your arms. If the dog is a giant breed, however, you should definitely arrange for him to be transported;
  • If the animal looks lethargic, if he is experiencing discomfort and is not getting better after administering painkillers, the vet may leave him in the clinic overnight. In a specialized facility, he can be monitored by experienced specialists, and if necessary, they will be able to provide timely assistance;
  • After anesthesia, the organs and all processes in the dog’s body work more slowly than usual, which can cause it to freeze quickly, even in hot weather. It is best to bring a warm blanket or blanket to cover your dog during transport.

Peculiarities of care in the first day

The behavior of a dog after castration on the first day can be alarming to any owner, especially if he is facing this procedure for the first time, but there is no need to panic. The main thing is to provide your pet with all the necessary conditions so that he can quickly return to normal.

Important: After arriving home, the dog may need increased attention from the owner. It is worth bearing in mind that during this period he may have severe discomfort and may also experience pain throughout his body, so it is worth making every effort to alleviate the animal’s condition.

On the first day after castration, the following important recommendations should be followed:

  • the dog at first feels severe pain, discomfort, discomfort all over the body, namely in the muscles, also he has a general weakness. To reduce all these unpleasant phenomena it is necessary to put it on a flat surface or a bed and cover it with a blanket;
  • The bed should not be in a place where there is a strong draft. It is also not recommended to place it near a radiator;
  • Under no circumstances should you use a hot water bottle for heating. This can provoke internal bleeding;
  • Keep in mind that the pet may urinate in its sleep, so put a diaper under it. Do not forget to change it in time, otherwise the pet can get very cold;
  • Once every 30 minutes, the pet must change position, so it is recommended to move it from one side to the other;
  • usually on the first day after castration the dog sleeps all the time. During this period, you should closely monitor his condition, and also from time to time it is recommended to pay attention to the suture;
  • At first, there may be pain and tearing in the eyes. To prevent the unpleasant manifestations you need to put in special drops “artificial tears”, they will provide the necessary moisture to the mucous membranes.

Seam processing

A dog after castration – basic rules of care and feeding

The condition of the stitches in male and female dogs can be very different. For example, in males after castration, the stitches do not need to be constantly monitored and treated because they usually occupy a small area, but in females, on the contrary, a large incision is made during the sterilization operation, so there are a lot of stitches. It is for this reason that females often have swelling and swelling of the operated area. However, male dogs may also have a swelling in the scrotal area for 5-7 days, because there is an accumulation of lymph. There is no need to worry about this, it is a protective reaction of the body.

Sometimes it may be necessary to use medications with analgesic effects. Their use depends on various factors:

  • on the degree of sensitivity of the animal;
  • Some animals cannot tolerate even mild pain on their own, which is why analgesics must be used to relieve it;
  • If severe pain complicates the rehabilitation period, it increases its duration.

In addition, after the operation you may need to treat the suture. To perform it at home, you should follow the following recommendations:

  • The need for treatment may depend on the type of material used for the sutures;
  • Usually after surgery the doctor himself prescribes special antiseptic agents to be used to treat the sutures;
  • The veterinarian should talk about how the sutures are handled;
  • If there is swelling, edema, redness, blood or even pus in the area of the stitches, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

Use of a blanket or collar

A dog after castration – basic rules of care and feeding

In order to protect the suture from the penetration of bacteria and infection, it is recommended that the dog wear a blanket or collar after castration. Modern veterinary clinics may put this on the dog immediately after surgery.

Worth noting! A single blanket will not be enough. Due to the fact that this product is made of a rather thin material, it will get dirty and wet quickly, so it will need to be changed every day.

It is necessary to remember the rules of the use of popovers:

  • It is recommended to change the blanket once a day;
  • The product must be ironed well before use;
  • During the treatment of the seams the blanket should not be removed, it is enough to untie a couple of tapes and move the bandage aside.

The behavior of a male dog after castration may be too active, he may run, jump, try to play active games. With strong and abrupt movements, the stitches may come apart. If this cannot be avoided, the consequences of neutering dogs can be serious. For this reason, it is worth monitoring your pet’s behavior closely.

Healthy and Proper Nutrition

Proper care for your dog after neutering should always include a healthy and balanced diet that will speed up your pet’s recovery. It is not necessary to start feeding immediately after surgery, the dog can safely do without food for 12 hours maximum, without harm to his health.

If your pet is very weak at first, feeding him may cause him to vomit and only worsen his condition. Once you see that your pet is strong and standing firmly on four paws, you can give him water to drink.

The dog’s nutrition after neutering should be proper and healthy:

  • The animal must be on a healthy diet for at least 7 days after castration;
  • It is recommended that only light foods be used for feeding;
  • Soups and canned foods are ideal;
  • Dry feed mixtures can also be used, but they will first need to be softened in water;
  • feeding is recommended in small quantities because it is not desirable for dogs to strain a lot during defecation because it can lead to the divergence of the stitches.

Protection against viral infections

Do not self-treat your pet after surgery, otherwise, you can cause serious damage to his health. It is better to consult a veterinary specialist beforehand. To protect your pet from viral infections, he may prescribe the use of the following types of remedies:

  • The veterinarian may prescribe antiseptic agents in the form of solutions or ointments to treat the suture;
  • necessarily appointed antibiotic therapy, during which the doctor prescribes special antibiotics for dogs;
  • In addition, to improve the immune system it is recommended to give your pet vitamin complexes.

Skin and coat care

It is obligatory to take proper care of the skin and fur of the animal after sterilization. During the first time you should pay special attention to the seam area, it should always be in a clean condition, so it is better to put a special gauze bandage on it.

The hair after surgery does not need much care, its structure does not change. Many veterinarians recommend not to use special grooming products until the suture is completely healed. But after the pet recovers, you can bathe it with a special shampoo.

Possible complications in a dog after castration surgery

Sometimes there can be complications after neutering a male dog, but they are rare. The main thing is to clearly follow the rules of care and the recommendations of the veterinarian. However, breeders note that the following problems may occur after surgery:

  • In the first 3-4 days, the pet may have problems with defecation. To solve this problem, you should reconsider your pet’s menu. It needs to be fed only liquid food, you can also give mashed potatoes;
  • disorientation in the area is noted, but it usually passes the next day;
  • Mild nausea may occur, especially during the period when the animal is coming out of anesthesia;
  • loss of appetite;
  • general weakness;
  • drowsiness or anxious sleep.

These are common symptoms that usually go away on their own without medical intervention. However, festering and inflammation of the wound may occur, and the animal may have a fever, pain when walking or a tear in the suture. In these cases, you should contact your veterinarian immediately.

Castration and Performance

A dog after castration – basic rules of care and feeding

If your dog is a security or hunting breed and his working qualities are important to you, you need to think carefully about the process of neutering.

The guarding qualities of dogs after castration are usually not lost, but there may be a problem with the hunting qualities. The dog can pick up the trail, can follow it, but it may lose the process of “excitement” when hunting.

So if you and your dog often go hunting – think carefully before you decide to have your pet neutered.

Taking care of a dog after neutering is a responsible process for every owner. It is on him that the full and successful recovery of the animal will depend. It is important to provide all the necessary conditions for the pet during this period so that he will be able to overcome all the unpleasant symptoms much easier.


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